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Tocal directory 1822 to 1964

Tocal is the ancestral home of the Wonnarua people. This directory covers the period at Tocal from its European settlement in 1822, until 1964.

 

Abbreviations:

BDM births, deaths, marriages
GG NSW Government Gazette
FML Ferguson Memorial Library, Archives of the Presbyterian Church of Australia in the State of New South Wales
ML Mitchell Library
MM Maitland Mercury
SG Sydney Gazette
SH Sydney Herald
SMH Sydney Morning Herald
SR State Records of NSW
* assigned to ‘JP Webber’ and not possible to tell if it is to James Phillips Webber at Tocal or to his brother John Phillips Webber at Penshurst

 

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Nelson George
  • convict (ship: Phoenix, 1828). A labourer from Hunts, life sentence for stealing a coat, age 20. Assigned on arrival to JP Webber, Marford (Tocal). SR Convict Indents, fiche 669
Nice Elizabeth
  • wife of labourer, Tocal. Buried 12 Apr 1861, aged 28 (Clements, 1996)
Nice James
  • born 3 December 1859, parents Robert and Sarah, Tocal, father's occupation labourer. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Ockley Thomas
  • married 19 March 1859 at Paterson. Church register reads as follows: Sarah Ann Cleaver, servant, 25,  Tocal, married Thomas Ockley, labourer, 25, Tocal. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Osmond Ann & Charles
  • arrived Tocal abt 1851 after emigrating from Somerset, England, with their children Henry (12), George (11), Charles (10), Emma (8), Mary Ann (6), John (3) and William (infant). Charles (snr) worked on the Tocal property. Dungog Chronicle, February 1930 & pers comm (descendant)
Osmond Charles
  • parents Ann and Charles (see above). Arrived at Tocal about 1851, aged 10
Osmond Emma
  • parents Ann and Charles (see above). Arrived at Tocal about 1851, aged 8
Osmond George
  • parents Ann and Charles (see above). Arrived at Tocal about 1851, aged 11. Family tradition says George was taught to ride a horse at Tocal by Frederick Ward (Thunderbolt)
Osmond Henry
  • parents Ann and Charles (see above). Arrived at Tocal about 1851, aged 12
Osmond John
  • parents Ann and Charles (see above). Arrived at Tocal about 1851, aged 3
Osmond Mary Ann
  • parents Ann and Charles (see above). Arrived at Tocal about 1851, aged 6
Osmond William
  • parents Ann and Charles (see above). Arrived at Tocal about 1851 as an infant
Padmore Alfred
  • convict (ship: Asia, 1822). An errand boy from Salop, life sentence, age 19. Ticket of Leave 1838, Conditional Pardon 1846. SR Convict Indents, fiche 648 page 165
  • sawyer assigned to JP Webber, Tocal. GG 1832 . Note, this entry incorrectly lists his ship as the Dungevan Castle. The convict shipping indents and other records confirm this is an error
  • absconded from Tocal in May 1833 and apprehended in June. Occupation given as lawyer rather than sawyer. GG 12 June 1833 p219 & 19 June 1833 p237 
  • absconded again August 1833. GG 7 August 1833 p302
  • at Tocal in 1837, assigned to C & F Wilson. General Return of Convicts in NSW 1837
Partridge Rebecca
  • nee Cant, married Richard Partridge in 1882. They lived at Tocal in the 1880s and 1890s and raised a large family there
Partridge Richard
  • married Rebecca Cant in 1882. They lived at Tocal where Richard worked in the 1880s and 1890s. They raised a large family at Tocal
Partridge William
  • was working as a free man at Tocal in April 1837 when he made a deposition to the coroner's Court re the death of Patrick Costigan. SR 9/6309 Clerk of Peace, Depositions - Supreme Court, Paterson 1837
Pedder Abraham
  • worked at Tocal from at least 1856 to 1863, wife Ellen, his occupation variously described as labourer, stock keeper, servant, stockman. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Pedder Abraham
  • born 17 February 1859, parents Abraham and Ellen. At the time of the birth the family was living at Tocal, father's occupation labourer. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Pedder Ellen
  • born 24 December 1856, parents Abraham and Ellen, Tocal, father's occupation stock keeper. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Pedder Isaac
  • Tocal. Buried 25 Jan 1857, aged 3 years. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145 
Pedder Maurice
  • born 24 February 1861, parents Abraham and Ellen, Tocal, father's occupation servant. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Pedder Richard
  • born 20 February 1863, parents Abraham and Ellen, Tocal, father's occupation stockman. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
  • buried 1 Mar 1863, aged 10 days. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Penfold Albert
  • lived in Thunderbolt's cottage as a child (father was Wilfred, see below), worked on Tocal with his father (Tocal History Notes vol.2, 1998)
Penfold Betty
  • lived in Thunderbolt's cottage as a child, father was Wilfred, see below. (Tocal History Notes vol.2, 1998)
Penfold Grace
  • lived in Thunderbolt's cottage as a child, father was Wilfred, see below. (Tocal History Notes vol.2, 1998)
Penfold Mervin
  • lived in Thunderbolt's cottage as a child (father was Wilfred, see below), worked on Tocal at times as a young man (Tocal History Notes vol.2, 1998 & vol.4, 2000)
Penfold Ruth
  • lived in Thunderbolt's cottage as a child, father was Wilfred, see below. (Tocal History Notes vol.2, 1998)
Penfold Violet
  • lived in Thunderbolt's cottage as a child, father was Wilfred, see below. (Tocal History Notes vol.2, 1998)
Penfold Wilfred
  • he managed Tocal for the Alexanders from about 1936 and lived in Thunderbolt's cottage for four or more years with his wife and six children (Tocal History Notes vol.2, 1998)
Pethebridge Elizabeth
  • wife of Richard Pethebridge. Tocal. Hunter Valley Directory 1841
  • born abt 1813 in Devon, died 1879 in Sydney. Tocal History Notes vol.3, 1999
Pethebridge Elizabeth
  • daughter of Elizabeth and Richard. Born Tocal 1845, died Tocal 1846. Tocal History Notes vol.3, 1999
  • buried 9 Mar 1846, aged 6 months (Clements, 1996)
Pethebridge Fanny
  • died Tocal 1847, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth. Tocal History Notes vol.3, 1999
  • buried 28 Aug 1847, aged 5 years 6 months (Clements, 1996). Note, in the church burial register the age looks like 3 years 3 months but is very hard to read. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Pethebridge John
  • born Tocal 1842, son of Richard and Elizabeth. Tocal History Notes vol.3, 1999
Pethebridge Mary Ann
  • born Tocal 1840, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth. Tocal History Notes vol.3, 1999
Pethebridge Richard 
  • superintendent of Tocal at least in 1838 and 1839, was at Tocal until January 1850. Born 1810 Devon, died Sydney 1879 (NSW Directory for 1839 p127; Hunter Valley Directory 1841; Tocal History Notes vol.3, 1999)
  • became a commission agent in Sydney in February 1850, with references from Felix Wilson and Charles Reynolds (the owner and lessee of Tocal respectively). MM 5 January and 9 February 1850
Pethebridge Richard
  • son of Elizabeth and Richard. Died Tocal 1849. Tocal History Notes vol.3, 1999
  • buried 5 Dec 1849, aged 3 years (Clements, 1996)
Petherbridge (Pethebridge) Sarah
  • daughter of Elizabeth and Richard, Tocal. Buried 3 Feb 1848, aged 9 years (Clements, 1996)
Pidcock D
  • residing at Tocal in 1867. New South Wales National Directory for 1867-68. (Samson & Co, Sydney)
Portsmouth Jane
  • married 5 July 1856 at Paterson. Church register reads as follows: John Elson, labourer, 29, Tocal, married Jane Portsmouth, widow, 25, Tocal. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145. For children, see ELSON
Pugh Ann
  • the first European women to have an enduring association with Tocal
  • married Ralph Mills Clarke in 1828 and lived with him at Tocal for various periods until his death in 1841. She then married James Clements in 1846 and lived with him at Tocal until 1853 (possibly 1855) (Walsh, 2008)
Quin Robert
  • employed by Felix Wilson at Tocal. A sawyer by trade and 'free by servitude'. Absconded from the service of F Wilson before his written engagement expired. 'In the company of a female who passes as his wife, her supposed name Catherine RYAN'. A warrant issued for his arrest by the Paterson Bench and five pounds reward for his capture offered by F Wilson. The Australian, 18 Feb 1841
Reynolds Amy Evylyn
  • born 9 May 1886, parents Percy and Margaret Landale Reynolds, Tocal, father's occupation gentleman. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Reynolds Annie
  • nee Wolfe, married Frank (Boy) Reynolds in 1934. They lived in the bungalow on Glendarra (now part of Tocal) and had two daughters, Jane and Margaret (Reynolds, 2006)
Reynolds Archibald Gordon
  • born and raised at Duninald, the fourth son of Sidney Reynolds and Frances (nee Eales). In the 1930s he became an advisor to CB Alexander at Tocal. In 1943, after his wife died, Gordon lived in the Tocal barracks. After the death of CB Alexander he moved into the Tocal homestead as a companion to the Miss Curtises. He continued to run the Tocal property until his death in 1965 (White, 1986; Reynolds, 2006)
Reynolds Arthur
  • born 1890, parents Frank and Jeanette Reynolds. He moved with his parents and siblings from Glendarra to Tocal to live in 1900
  • He married Doris Reynolds in 1919 (Reynolds, 2006)
Reynolds Cedric
  • born 31 July 1889, parents Percy and Margaret Laudale Reynolds,  Tocal, father's occupation grazier. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Reynolds Charles
  • came to Australia in 1840 from Devon, leased land on the Mooki River (Liverpool Plains) in 1841 and then Louth Park at Maitland, NSW
  • in 1843 he purchased Hereford cattle from George Hobler of Aberglassyn which became the basis of Reynolds stud, one of the most notable in Australia. He also had a Devon cattle stud and a thoroughbred horse stud
  • in 1843 he leased Tocal from Felix Wilson. In 1844 he married Frances Seaton Dun, eldest daughter of William Dun of Duninald, Paterson
  • foundation member of the Hunter River Agricultural Society and co-founder of the first Maitland Show
  • legend has it that his horse, Free Trader, was stolen from Tocal by Thunderbolt (Fred Ward) the bushranger in the 1860s
  • died at Tocal in September 1871 after being thrown from his horse. Buried in St Pauls Cemetery, Paterson (Reynolds, 2006)
Reynolds Charles
  • born 20 March 1873, parents Frank and Jeanette Rens Reynolds, Tocal, father's occupation grazier. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Reynolds Claire
  • born 1905, parents Darcie and Hilda. The family lived at Glendarra and moved to Tocal Homestead after Frank Reynolds died in 1920 (Reynolds, 2006) 
Reynolds Darcie
  • born 6 April 1875,  parents Frank and Jeanette, Tocal, father's occupation grazier. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/1945
  • Darcie married Hilda Gould in 1906 and they lived at Glendarra where they had four children. They moved back to Tocal after Frank Reynolds died in 1920
  • After Tocal was sold to the Alexanders in 1926, they returned to Glendarra. Darcie died in 1930 (Reynolds, 2006)
Reynolds Edmund
  • son of Charles and Francis Seaton Reynolds of Tocal. Born Tocal 25 October 1845. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
  • Buried 2 Mar 1847, aged 16 months (Clements, 1996)
Reynolds Emily
  • born 24 April 1855, daughter of Charles and Frances Seaton Reynolds, Tocal. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/1945 
Reynolds Ethel May
  • born 25 May 1880, parents Frank and Jeannette Rens Reynolds, Tocal, father's occupation grazier. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Reynolds Frances
  • born 5 July 1871, parents Frank and Jeanette Rens Reynolds, Tocal, father's occupation grazier. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145 
Reynolds Frances
Seaton
  • widow of Charles Reynolds, lessee of Tocal
  • took up the reins and managed the Tocal stud enterprises after Charles died in 1871
  • buried 13 Oct 1900, aged 82 (Clements, 1996)
Reynolds Frank
  • born at Tocal 6 March 1848. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145.
  • married 3 October 1870. Church register reads as follows: Frank Reynolds, grazier, 22, Tocal, married Jeanette Rens Cory, gentlewoman, 23, Vacy. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
  • in 1871 the Reynolds family purchased Glendarra from the Crown. Frank built a house on Glendarra in the 1870s and lived there with his wife and children until the death of his mother in 1900 (Tocal History Notes vol.3, 1999)
  • in 1907 he purchased Tocal from the Wilson family. He died in 1920 (Reynolds, 2006)
Reynolds Frank (Boy)
  • born 1907, parents Darcie and Hilda. The family lived at Glendarra and moved to Tocal Homestead after Frank Reynolds died in 1920
  • he married Annie Wolfe in 1934. They lived in the bungalow on Glendarra (now part of Tocal) and had two daughters, Jane and Margaret. He died in 1940 (Reynolds, 2006) 
Reynolds Henry Ernest
  • born 10 January 1878, parents Frank and Jeanette Rens Reynolds, Tocal, father's occupation grazier. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Reynolds Hilda
  • nee Gould, married Darcie Reynolds in 1906 and they lived at Glendarra where they had four children. They moved back to Tocal after Frank Reynolds died in 1920, and returned to Glendarra after Tocal was sold in 1926. Hilda remained at Glendarra after Darcie's death in 1930 and she built a new residence there after WWII where she lived on her own until her death in 1964, aged 88 (Reynolds, 2006)
Reynolds Jane
  • parents Frank (Boy) and Annie, born 1935, lived in the bungalow at Glendarra as a child (Reynolds, 2006)
Reynolds Jeanette Rens
  • nee Cory. Married 3 October 1870. Church register reads as follows: Frank Reynolds, grazier, 22, Tocal, married Jeanette Rens Cory, gentlewoman, 23, Vacy. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Reynolds Jeanette
  • born 1883, parents Frank and Jeanette Reynolds. She moved with her parents and siblings from Glendarra to Tocal to live in 1900 (Reynolds, 2006)
Reynolds John (Jack)
  • born 1908, parents Darcie and Hilda. The family lived at Glendarra and moved to Tocal Homestead after Frank Reynolds died in 1920
  • married Kathleen Doust in 1936. They lived in the workman's cottage at Glendarra from 1948 and moved into the new Glendarra homestead when Hilda died in 1964. They lived there until 1966 (Reynolds, 2006)
Reynolds Kathleen
  • nee Doust, married John (Jack) Reynolds in 1936. See his entry for details
Reynolds Madge
  • born 1885, parents Frank and Jeanette Reynolds. She moved with her parents and siblings from Glendarra to Tocal to live in 1900 (Reynolds, 2006)
Reynolds Margaret
  • parents Frank (Boy) and Annie, born 1938, lived in the bungalow at Glendarra as a child (Reynolds, 2006)
Reynolds Nancy (Doodie)
  • born 1910, parents Darcie and Hilda. The family lived at Glendarra and moved to Tocal Homestead after Frank Reynolds died in 1920 (Reynolds, 2006) 
Reynolds Patrick
  • residing at Tocal 1876-78. NSW Electoral Roll for The Paterson, 1876-77, 1877-78
Reynolds Percy
  • son of Charles Reynolds, Tocal.
  • married 22 April 1884. Church register reads as follows: Percy Reynolds, grazier, 28, Tocal, married Margaret Tiandale Maughan, gentlewoman, 25. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145 
Reynolds Sidney
  • born at Tocal 15 March 1851 (baptised 20 May 1851), parents Charles & Frances Seaton. Records of Baptisms, Burials & Marriages (microfilm), Parish of Houghton 1851, vol 35
  • second son of Charles Reynolds, Tocal
Reynolds Walter
  • born 23 July 1860, parents Charles and Frances, Tocal. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
  • married Alice Eales in 1885 (MM 15 October 1885)
Roach Ivy
  • worked as a domestic at Tocal from 1921 to 1923. Married Ken Kidd in 1923 and they moved from Tocal when it was sold in 1926 (Meehan, 2000)
Rouse Simon
  • convict (ship: Isabella, 1822). A baker from Donegal, 7 year sentence, age 35. SR Convict Indents, fiche 647 page 59
  • assigned to JP Webber (Tocal) in 1825. SR Col Sec assigned convicts 1825, reel 586 4/4522
Rowan Charles
  • convict (ship: Mermaid, 1830). A weaver and porter from Glasgow, 7 year sentence for stealing carpets, Certificate of Freedom 1839. SR Convict Indents fiche 675 page 91
  • assigned on arrival to James Webber (Tocal). PRO London, HO10/29, NSW, Convicts Arrived 1828-32
Ryan Catherine
  • see Robert Quin
Ryan Patrick
  • convict (ship: Hooghley, 1825). A ploughman from Co Tipperary, 7 year sentence, age 21. Assigned on arrival to James Webber, Tocal. SR Convict Indents, fiche 655 page 168
  • at Tocal in 1828, assigned to James Webber. Census of NSW 1828
Sams Edward
(Edwin)
  • married 14 February 1860 at Paterson. Church register reads as follows: Edward Sams, labourer, 24, Tocal, married Harriott Ellis, nurse, 23, Paterson. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145. Note: the entry in the church register is very difficult to read and has been transcribed in error into the civil register as Edward Davis
Sams George
Edwin
  • born 31 August 1873, parents Edwin and Harriet, Tocal, father's occupation labourer. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Sanders Peter
  • convict (ship: Georgiana, 1831). A seaman from Sweden, 7 year sentence for stealing watches in London, age 25. Certificate of Freedom 1838. SR Convict Indents, fiche 697 page 67
  • apprehended after absconding from the service of James Webber (Tocal) 1833. GG 17 July 1833 p266
Saunders James
  • convict (ship: Coromandel, 1820). A labourer from Brighton, 7 year sentence, age 18. SR Convict Indents, fiche 644 page 123
  • conditional pardon, employed by James Webber, Tocal. General Muster List of New South Wales 1823, 1824, 1825.
Savage George
  • convict (ship: Cambridge, 1827). An errand boy from Dublin, 7 year sentence for picking pockets, age 16. SR Convict Indents, fiche 666 page 201
  • assigned to JP Webber, Tocal. GG 1832 p146. & Col Sec in-letter 4/2221.2 33/843, 34/2571
  • apprehended after running away from Webber's service. GG 18 April 1832 p66. Absconded again late 1832. GG 2 Jan 1833 p5. Apprehended again, GG 2 Jan 1833 p5
Scammell Frederick
  • convict (ship: Hercules, 1832). A butcher's boy from London, 7 years for stealing snuff boxes, age 14. Certificate of Freedom 1839. SR Convict Indents, fiche 683 page 108
  • assigned to JP Webber, Tocal, 1832. GG 1832.
Schink Magdalena
  • was living at Tocal when she married Philip Maurer at Tocal on 3 December 1849. Marriage and Baptismal Register, Paterson 1837-1865 M/PAT/OS, FML
Scully* James
  • convict (ship: Governor Ready, 1829). Weaver from Limerick, 7 year sentence, age 40, for pig stealing. Assigned on arrival to JP Webber, Hunters River (Tocal?). SR Convict Indents, fiche 671
Shaw John
  • convict (ship: Sarah, 1829). A farm labourer from Shropshire, 7 year sentence for stealing potatoes, age 31. Assigned on arrival to JP Webber (Tocal). Ticket of Leave 1834, Certificate of Freedom 1836. SR Convict Indents, fiche 674 page 18
Shea John
  • convict (ship: Countess of Harcourt, 1822). A reaper from Cork City, 7 year sentence, age 19. SR Convict Indents, fiche 649, page 243.
  • assigned to JP Webber (Tocal) in April 1825. SR Col Sec, assigned convicts 1825, reel 586 4/4522
Shea John
  • convict (ship: Borodino, 1828). a farm labourer from Co Kerry, 7 year sentence for lamb stealing, age 20. SR Convict Indents, fiche 669, page 91
  • assigned to James Webber, Tocal 22 July 1829. SR Col Sec reel 1043 4/3668 p455
Sheehan Maurice
(Michael)
  • convict (ship: Boyne, 1826). A farm labourer from Cork, life sentence for house robbery, age 27. SR Convict Indents, fiche 661 page 105
  • at Tocal in 1828, assigned to James Webber. Census of NSW 1828
Sheppard
(Shepherd)
John
  • convict (ship: Ocean, 1823). A carter and coal miner from Bluden, life sentence, age 19. Ticket of Leave 1838, Conditional Pardon 1847. SR Convict Indents, fiche 650 page 72
  • assigned to James Webber, Tocal. Wanted for absconding. SG 31Dec 1827 4b
  • at Tocal 1828, assigned to James Webber. Census of NSW 1828
Shepherd William
  • free, ex-convict (ship: Asia, 1822). A fisherman and ploughman from Norfolk, 7 year sentence, age 22. SR Convict Indents, fiche 648 page 159
  • at Tocal 1828, assigned to James Webber. Census of NSW 1828
Sheppard Francis
  • was living at Tocal when he married Ann Vincent on 27 March 1849. Marriage and Baptismal Register, Paterson 1837-1865 M/PAT/OS, FML
Shields Hughie
  • worked at Tocal in the late 1930s (Tocal History Notes vol.17, 2009)
Shields
(Shiel)
(Sheal)
James
  • convict (ship: Surry, 1816). A servant and labourer from Dublin, life sentence, age 23. Ticket of Leave 1830, Conditional Pardon 1839. SR Convict Indents, fiche 636 page 216.
  • assigned to James Webber, Tocal. General Muster List of New South Wales 1823, 1824, 1825.
  • overseer at Tocal 1828. Census of NSW 1828 . 
  • was working as a Ticket of Leave holder at Tocal in April 1837 when he made a deposition to the coroner's Court re the death of Patrick Costigan. SR 9/6309 Clerk of Peace, Depositions - Supreme Court, Paterson 1837
Shore (Shaw) Edward
  • convict (ship: Mary, 1822). A cow boy from London, 7 year sentence, age 20. Ticket of Leave 1827. SR Convict Indents, fiche 647 page 46.
  • assigned from the Newcastle penal settlement to James Webber, Tocal, Oct 1824. NSW Colonial Secretary, Convict Papers and returns. SR reel 6028 2/8283 p95
Simpson Patrick
  • convict (ship: Ann & Amelia, 1825). A weaver from Dublin, 7 year sentence, age 20. Certificate of Freedom 1831. SR Convict Indents, fiche 654 page 142
  • in the service of James Webber (Tocal), February 1825. 50 lashes ordered by the Bench, Wallis Plains for refusing work. NSW Colonial Secretary, Monthly Returns of Punishments, Newcastle 1810-1825. SR reel 6023 4/1718 p199
Sloey Patrick
  • convict (ship: Mangles, 1828). A farm servant and shepherd from Cavan, life sentence for murder, age 28. Ticket of Leave 1840, Conditional Pardon 1848. SR Convict Indents, fiche 669 page 80
  • at Tocal 1828, assigned to James Webber. Census of NSW 1828. (Note: indent says assigned June 1828 to JP Webber, Penshurst, but 1828 Census says Markham [Tocal])
Smith Eliza
  • born 26 May 1854, parents Thomas (see below) and Martha, father was a "servant to Mr Reynolds" at Tocal. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Smith James
  • convict (ship: Phoenix, 1828). a blacksmith from Birmingham, 7 year sentence for "stealing bundle", age 23. SR Convict Indents, fiche 669, page 91
  • assigned to James Webber, Tocal 22 July 1829. SR Col Sec reel 1043 4/3668 p455
Smith John
  • convict (ship: Phoenix, 1828). A ploughman and stableman from Hampshire, 7 year sentence for stealing an umbrella, age 20. SR Convict Indents, fiche 669
  • shepherd assigned to James Webber, Tocal. Census of NSW 1828. (Note: indent says assigned June 1828 to JP Webber, Penshurst, but 1828 Census says Markham [Tocal])
Smith Thomas
  • convict (ship: Malabar, 1819). A barber and labourer from Manchester, life sentence as a result of a court martial in Trinidad, age 28. SR Convict Indents, fiche 642 page 432
  • One of Tocal's first four convicts, assigned to James Webber 4 March 1822, returned to Government for disorderly conduct November 1822. SR, Alphabetical List of Convicts, 4/4520 p17
Smith Thomas
  • servant to Mr Reynolds, 1854. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
  • labourer at Tocal. Buried 21 Feb 1855, aged 46 (Clements, 1996)
Smith* William
  • convict (ship: Planter, 1832). A cutler's boy, 7 year sentence for robbing shop, age 16. Certificate of Freedom 1838. SR Convict Indents, fiche 683 page 96
  • assigned to J Webber, Paterson's River. GG 1832
Smith William
  • convict (ship: Ann & Amelia, 1825). A calico printer from Meath, life sentence, age 20. SR Convict Indents, fiche 655 page 143. 
  • in the service of James Webber, Tocal, February 1825. 50 lashes ordered by the Bench, Wallis Plains for "insolent and abusive language to his master". NSW Colonial Secretary, Monthly Returns of Punishments, Newcastle 1810-1825. SR reel 6023 4/1718 p199
Smith William
  • living at Tocal 1869-70 & 1870-71. NSW Electoral Roll for The Paterson, 1869-70 & 1870-71
Snell John
  • convict (ship: Norfolk, 1825). A ploughman, shearer and butter maker from Suffolk, 7 year sentence, age 28. SR Convict Indents, fiche 656 page 217 
  • assigned Paterson area and master not found. James Webber applied Oct 1825 to keep him at Tocal. NSW Colonial Secretary, Letters received Newcastle 1825. SR reel 6068 4/1812 p113
  • permission granted Oct 1825 for transfer to the service of James Webber, Tocal. NSW Colonial Secretary, Letters sent. SR reel 6015 4/3515 p453
  • stockkeeper at Tocal 1828. Census of NSW 1828
Soper Edward
  • worked at Tocal as a farm hand for a few months in 1922 before dying suddenly, aged 55 (Maitland Weekly Mercury 23 December 1822)
Soper Matilda
  • a domestic servant at Tocal when she married James Kidd in 1905. At Tocal until 1910 (Brouwer, Meehan and Brown, 2005)
Spleyoenburg
(Spedenburg)
George
  • convict (ship: Captain Cook, 1833). An errand boy from London, 7 year sentence for stealing a shirt, age 16, Certificate of Freedom 1840. SR Convict Indents, fiche 704 page 101
  • assigned on arrival in 1833 to James Webber, Tocal. PRO London HO10/30 NSW Convicts Arrived 1833-34
  • at Tocal in 1837, assigned to C & F Wilson. General Return of Convicts in NSW 1837
Stace Edward
  • Groom at Tocal. Wife Eliza. Records of Baptisms, Burials & Marriages (microfilm), Parish of Houghton 1851, vol 37. Edward was a brother of James and Louisa (see below)
Stace Henry
  • born 16 February 1851 at Tocal, parents Edward and Eliza. Records of Baptisms, Burials & Marriages (microfilm), Parish of Houghton 1851, vol 37
Stace James
  • married Mary Jarvis at Tocal in June 1848. Pers Comm (descendant). James was a brother of Edward (above) and Louisa (below)
Stace Louisa
  • married Alexander McGilvray at Tocal November 1850. Pers comm (descendant). Louisa was a sister of James and Edward (above)
Stephenson Elizabeth
  • servant at Tocal 1867 (Brouwer, Meehan and Brown, 2005)
Stephenson Jane
  • cook at Tocal 1867 (Brouwer, Meehan and Brown, 2005)
Stewart Mrs
  • worked as a domestic for Charles Alexander at Tocal in the 1930s along with her daughter Thora (Tocal History Notes vol.4, 2000)
Stewart Thora
  • worked as a domestic for Charles Alexander at Tocal in the 1930s along with her mother (Tocal History Notes vol.4, 2000)
Stiles James
  • convict (ship: Marquis of Hastings, 1827). A farmer's man and shop groom from Kent, 7 year sentence for house breaking, age 23. Certificate of Freedom 1837. SR Convict Indents, fiche 665 page 157
  • committed burglary in 1830 while assigned to James Webber at Tocal. SR NSW Supreme Court Papers T32 no.38 31/9 and Clerk of Peace Depositions T148
Stotter George
  • convict (ship: Katherine Stewart Forbes, 1830). A labourer and reaper from Berkshire, 7 year sentence for house breaking, age 46, Ticket of Leave 1837. SR Convict Indents, fiche 675 page 62.
  • assigned to JP Webber, Patersons Plains (Tocal). GG 1832 p146
  • absconded from Webber's service in 1833. GG 7 Aug 1833 p302
  • at Tocal in 1837, assigned to C & F Wilson. General Return of Convicts in NSW 1837
  • was working as ‘farm constable' at Tocal in April 1837 when he made a deposition to the coroner's Court re the death of Patrick Costigan. SR 9/6309 Clerk of Peace, Depositions - Supreme Court, Paterson 1837
Styles William
  • convict (ship: Hercules, 1830). A farm labourer from Carlow Co, life sentence for murder, age 19. Assigned on arrival to JP Webber, Markham (Tocal). Ticket of Leave 1839. SR Convict Indents, fiche 677 page 10
Suffolk Elias
  • convict (ship: Bussorah Merchant, 1828). A farm worker from Warwick, life sentence for burglary, age 30. Ticket of Leave 1841. SR Convict Indents, fiche 669 page 110
  • assigned to James Webber (Tocal) 22 July 1829. State Records reel 1043/461 Col Sec correspondence
Tadgwell William
  • convict (ship: Susan, 1836). A cotton spinner from London, 7 year sentence for stealing a necklace, age 14. Certificate of Freedom 1846. SR Convict Indents, fiche 716 page 35
  • at Tocal in 1837, assigned to C & F Wilson. General Return of Convicts in NSW 1837
Talty Peter
  • convict (ship: Jane, 1831). A farm hand from Clare, life sentence for abduction, age 25, assigned on arrival to JP Webber, Tocal. Ticket of Leave 1840. SR Convict Indents, fiche 680 page 182
Tassell Harriett
  • see Tassell, John
Tassell John
  • Farmer at Tocal 1841. Wife Harriett. Son, John Royston Tassell born at Tocal 28 Nov 1841. BDM reference V18411825 26A C of E, Parish: Houghton
Tassell John Royston
  • see Tassell, John
Tattersall Henry
  • convict (ship: Susan, 1836). A ropemaker's boy from Lancashire, 14 year sentence for stealing money, age 14, Ticket of Leave 1846. SR Convict Indents, fiche 721 page 31 
  • at Tocal 1837, assigned to C & F Wilson. General Return of Convicts in NSW 1837
Taylor James
  • born at Tocal 1836. Later married Ann McEwen. Source is the birth certificate for their daughter Ada, born 28 October 1884. James' birth certificate indicates he was born on 15 May 1836 to parents James and Anne (his father was probably working on Tocal at the time). He died in 1888 and is buried at St Paul's Paterson (Clements, 1996)
Taylor Nathan
  • was employed as a mason at Tocal, wife Divina McLaren, when their daughter Ruth was born on 6 July 1841 (baptised 5 August 1841). Marriage and Baptismal Register, Paterson 1837-1865 M/PAT/OS, FML
Thunderbolt  
  • see Ward, Fred
Tiernan John
  • convict (ship: Asia, 1825). A farm hand from near Drogheda, life sentence, age 28. Assigned on arrival to James Webber (Tocal). Died in Liverpool Hospital 1833. SR Convict Indents, fiche 655 page 157
Tinkler Ann
  • born to Parents Ann and Usher Tinkler of Tocal on 28 June 1848 (baptised 13 September 1848). Marriage and Baptismal Register, Paterson 1837-1865 M/PAT/OS, FML 
Tinkler Eliza
  • born to Parents Ann and Usher Tinkler of Tocal on 26 January 1857 (baptised 22 June 1857). Marriage and Baptismal Register, Paterson 1837-1865 M/PAT/OS, FML
Tinkler George
  • born to Parents Ann and Usher Tinkler of Tocal on 26 February 1847 (baptised 16 March 1847). Marriage and Baptismal Register, Paterson 1837-1865 M/PAT/OS, FML
Tinkler Margaret
  • born to Parents Ann and Usher Tinkler of Tocal on 11 January 1854 (baptised 22 June 1857). Marriage and Baptismal Register, Paterson 1837-1865 M/PAT/OS, FML
Tinkler Usher
  • worked at Tocal from 1841 as a veterinarian or at least a carer of animals (Brouwer, Meehan and Brown, 2005)
  • was living at Tocal when he married Ann McDonald on 16 March 1847. BDM ref V1847145 78
Townsend Job
  • convict (ship: Surrey, 1823). A reaper from Witney, life sentence, age 32. SR Convict Indents, fiche 649 page 275
  • assigned to James Webber, Tocal, Sep 1824. NSW Colonial Secretary, Misc records relating to convicts and criminal and legal matters. SR fiche 3291 p123
Truelove
(Treelove)
William
  • convict: (ship: Sir William Bensley, 1817). A labourer from Kent, life sentence, age 30. Ticket of Leave 1838. SR Convict Indents, fiche 637 page 293
  • assigned to James Webber, Tocal. Wanted for absconding. SG 31Dec 1827 4b
  • at Tocal 1828, assigned to James Webber. Census of NSW 1828
Trotter George
  • Tenant farmer, Tocal. Buried 16 December 1846, aged about 60. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Vincent Ann
  • was living at Tocal when she married Francis Sheppard on 27 March 1849. Marriage and Baptismal Register, Paterson 1837-1865 M/PAT/OS, FML
Waggoner John
  • convict (ship: Minerva, 1821). A coachsmith from York, life sentence, age 18. SR Convict Indents, fiche 646 page 437
  • assigned to James Webber, Tocal, Mar 1822. NSW Colonial Secretary, Misc records relating to convicts and criminal and legal matters. SR fiche 3291 p127
  • at Tocal in 1828. Census of NSW1828
  • obtained his Ticket of Leave for the Paterson Plains district on 8 November 1830. State Records reel 914 4/4077 Ticket of Leave Butts 1830-31 
  • appointed police constable for Paterson's Plains in 1832. NSW Colonial Secretary's Papers 32/6518 4/2154
  • his Ticket of Leave was cancelled in 1833 for "gross prevarication". He was also dismissed as a constable. NSW Colonial Secretary's Papers 33/6593 4/2203.3
Wake John
  • lived at Tocal 1870-71. NSW Electoral Roll for The Paterson, 1870-71
Walden George
  • worked at Tocal from 1930 to 1934 and lived there with his wife Margery and children Stella and Stan. They lived in the Daly Kidd cottage (Brouwer, 2007; Tocal History Notes vol.3, 1999)
Walden Margery
  • lived at Tocal from 1930 to 1934 with her husband George and two children (Tocal History Notes vol.3, 1999)
Walden Stan
  • son of George who worked at Tocal from 1930 to 1934. The family lived there during this time (Brouwer, 2007; Tocal History Notes vol.3, 1999)
Walden Stella
  • daughter of George who worked at Tocal from 1930 to 1934. The family lived there during this time (Brouwer, 2007; Tocal History Notes vol.3, 1999)
Wallis Patrick
  • convict (ship: Java, 1833). A farm servant from Kilkenny, 7 year sentence for "fire arms", age 28. Certificate of Freedom 1841. SR Convict Indents, fiche 688 page 216
  • at Tocal in 1837, assigned to C & F Wilson. General Return of Convicts in NSW 1837
  • was working at Tocal in April 1837 when he made a deposition to the Coroner's Court re the death of Patrick Costigan. SR 9/6309 Clerk of Peace, Depositions - Supreme Court, Paterson 1837
Walstor Thomas
  • arrived in NSW in 1845 from Nottinghamshire on the Elizabeth as a bounty emigrant. He was employed on arrival by Charles Reynolds at Tocal with 2 others from the Elizabeth as a ploughman and labourer under a memorandum of agreement for 17 pounds per annum and a weekly ration of 10lbs beef or mutton, 10lbs flour, 2lbs sugar and a quarter lb of tea. SR, Assisted Immigrants Inwards to Sydney, 4/903 [reel 2456]
Ward Fred
  • alias Thunderbolt, the bushranger. He worked at Tocal from 1853 to 1855 as a horse breaker and groom. In 1856 he was sentenced to 10 years hard labour for receiving horses stolen from Tocal. He was released in June 1860 on a ticket of leave but imprisoned again in 1861. He escaped in 1863 and began his exploits as the notorious bushranger Captain Thunderbolt (Brouwer, 2007)
  • oral tradition says that in the 1860s he stole the imported horse Free Trader from Tocal
Ward George
  • brother of Fred Ward (see above). George was employed with brothers Fred and William as a horse breaker at Tocal in 1853 (Brouwer, 2007)
  • In 1854 George drowned in the Hunter River at Maitland while taking Tocal cattle to market. Inquest number 8150 held 30 June 1854. Death in the Hunter - Inquests in the Maitland area 1834-1942 & MM 1 July 1854 & 5 July 1854
Ward Joshua
  • brother of Fred Ward (see above). Joshua was occasionally employed at Tocal in the 1850s
Ward William
  • brother of Fred Ward (see above). William was employed with brothers Fred and George as a horse breaker at Tocal in 1853
Webber Elsie
  • see entry under her maiden name, Elsie Kidd
Webber James Phillips
  • first European settler at Tocal, Paterson NSW. Moved onto Tocal in March 1822
  • inaugural member of the Agricultural Society of NSW, a pioneer agriculturalist of the Hunter Valley, local magistrate and Justice of the Peace 1825 to 1834
  • by 1830 there were 34 convicts and 3 free servants working on his Tocal estate which then comprised 3,300 acres
  • he sold Tocal in August 1834 and left the colony in 1835. In about 1855 he built a magnificent mansion (villa Webber) on the island of La Maddalena, Sardinia, Italy, which stills stand today. Mussolini was imprisoned there in 1943
  • he died in Pisa, Italy in 1877 (Walsh, 2008)
Wells Caroline Jane
  • born 16 October 1883, parents John and Martha Ann, Tocal, father's occupation labourer. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Wells Charles James
  • born 21 August 1885, parents John and Martha Ann, Tocal, father's occupation "farm". BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
  • died Tocal 8 March 1886 (buried 9 March) age 6 months. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Wells Emily Blanch
  • born 11 January 1887, parents John and Martha Ann, Tocal, father's occupation labourer. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Wells Frederick
William
  • born 12 July 1884, parents John and Martha Ann, Tocal, father's occupation farm hand. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Wells George Henry
  • born 4 December 1888, parents John and Martha Ann, Tocal, father's occupation station employee. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Wells John
  • labourer at Tocal from 1883 into the 1890s. He married Martha Ann Tilley. They arrived from Wiltshire in 1883 with 3 children (Annie Elizabeth, Louisa and Arthur). Another 5 were born at Tocal - Caroline Jane (1883), Charles James (1885), Emily Blanch (1887), Harry George (1889) and John Harold (1890). Another 3 were presumably born at Tocal - Marjorie Drewitt (1893), Frederick William (1894) and Constance Evelyn (1897). Pers comm from descendant.
Wells John Harold
  • born 19 July 1890, parents John and Martha Ann, Tocal, father's occupation farming man. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Wells Louisa
  • died Tocal 18 September 1891 (buried 19 September) age 10 years. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145. Presumably she was the child of John and Martha Ann
Wells Marjory
Drewitt
  • born 6 July 1892, parents John and Martha Ann, Tocal, father's occupation "on station". BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
West Elizabeth
  • nee Overnorth. Wife of Uriah West - see below
West Mary Ann
  • Born to parents Uriah and Elizabeth West of Tocal on 20 August 1843 (baptised 15 September 1843). Marriage and Baptismal Register, Paterson 1837-1865 M/PAT/OS, FML
West Robert
  • convict (ship: Portland, 1832). A gardener and soldier from Lynn (Norfolk), life sentence for machine breaking, age 50. Died at Port Macquarie Dec 1837. SR Convict Indents, fiche 682 page 10.
  • assigned to JP Webber, Markham (Tocal) 1832. GG 15 August 1832 p238
  • at Tocal in 1837, assigned to C & F Wilson. General Return of Convicts in NSW 1837
West Susan
  • Born to parents Uriah and Elizabeth West of Tocal on 23 May 1842 (baptised 19 June 1842). Marriage and Baptismal Register, Paterson 1837-1865 M/PAT/OS, FML
West Uriah
  • recorded as a labourer at Tocal in 1842 and a settler at Tocal in 1843
Whalan Mary Ann
  • was living at Tocal, aged 16, when in July 1856 she married Thomas Ford, who was working as a groom at Tocal. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
  • Mary Ann was the daughter of Ann Kidd (nee Maguire) and Philip Whalen. Mary Ann was at Tocal with her husband Thomas until about 1858 (Brouwer, Meehan and Brown, 2005)
Whitford Thomas
  • convict (ship: John Barry, 1836). A printer's boy from Bath, 7 year sentence for picking pockets, age 18. Ticket of Leave 1841, Certificate of Freedom 1842. SR Convict Indents, fiche 716 page 3
  • in service of C & F Wilson, Tocal. 25 lashes for neglect of work, 5 April 1836. State Records X708 [reel 662] Return of Convicts Tried at Paterson
  • was working at Tocal in April 1837 when he made a deposition to the Coroner's Court re the death of Patrick Costigan. SR 9/6309 Clerk of Peace, Depositions - Supreme Court, Paterson 1837
Wilkinson Joseph
  • convict (ship: Marquis of Huntley, 1826). A waterman from Yorkshire, life sentence for horse stealing. Assigned on arrival to JP Webber (Tocal). SR Convict Indents, fiche 661 page 85
Wilks Edwin
  • stockman working on Tocal in 1874.Wilks found the body of a murder victim at Tocal. MM 24 Nov 1874
Williams John
  • convict (ship: Georgiana, 1831). A farm hand from Hereford, 7 year sentence for stealing tools, age 39. Assigned on arrival to JP Webber (Tocal). SR Convict Indents, fiche 679 page 139
Williams Thomas
  • convict (ship: Waterloo, 1829). A carter from London, 14 year sentence for robbing person, age 21. Certificate of Freedom 1844. SR Convict Indents, fiche 672 page 194
  • at Tocal in 1837, assigned to C & F Wilson. General Return of Convicts in NSW 1837
Wilson Caleb
  • arrived Sydney in 1804 as a free settler with his son Felix. Initially tried farming at Windsor and by 1820 had established a hardware store in George St Sydney. Felix joined his father in the business
  • in 1834 Caleb and Felix bought Tocal from James Webber. Caleb died in 1838 (Edwards, 2001)
Wilson Felix
  • son of Caleb Wilson (see above), born 1802, married Esther Holt in 1833. Felix constructed Tocal homestead in 1841, but leased Tocal to Charles Reynolds in 1843. Felix died 1865
Wilton Aaron
  • gold digger, labourer, farmer at Tocal 1852, 1854. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Wilton George
  • born 22 June 1854, parents Aaron and Phoebe, at the time his father was working at Tocal. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Wilton William
Thomas
  • born 23 October 1852, parents Aaron and Phoebe. At the time his father was working at Tocal. BDM's Newcastle Diocese Parish Registers, ML FM4/9145
Wolfe Annie
  • see entry under her married name, Annie Reynolds
Woods James
  • lived at Tocal 1869-70 & 1870-71. NSW Electoral Roll for The Paterson, 1869-70 & 1870-71
Woollard William
  • convict (ship: Mangles, 1833). A tailor's boy from London, life sentence for picking pockets, aged 13. Ticket of Leave 1841. SR Convict Indents, fiche 685 page 204
  • assigned to C & F Wilson, Tocal. 50 lashes for absconding, 50 lashes for neglect of work, 22 July 1835. State Records reel 662 Return of Convicts Tried at Paterson
  • 1837 assigned to Beresford Hudson, Paterson. General Return of Convicts for NSW 1837
  • was working at Tocal in April 1837 when he made a deposition to the coroner's Court re the death of Patrick Costigan. SR 9/6309 Clerk of Peace, Depositions - Supreme Court, Paterson 1837
  • on 8 August 1846 he died of a heart attack while digging out stumps on Tocal for Charles Reynolds. Report of Coroner's Inquest in the MM 15 August 1846 page 2
  • buried St Paul's Paterson 10 August 1846, age 29 years. Early Church Records, death V18461049 31B (note: there is some discrepancy in the records about his age - he may have been only 26 when he died)
Wooton Charles
  • convict (ship: John Barry, 1836). A fitter and machine maker from Gloucestershire, 7 year sentence for picking pockets, one previous conviction, Ticket of Leave 1840, Certificate of Freedom 1843. SR Convict Indents, fiche 716 page 13
  • at Tocal, assigned to Felix Wilson. Hunter Valley Directory 1841
  • in Charles Reynolds' Tocal team at the ploughing match at Maitland. MM 16 March 1844
Worth George
  • arrived in NSW in 1845 from Leicester on the Elizabeth as a bounty emigrant. He was employed on arrival by Charles Reynolds at Tocal with 2 others from the Elizabeth as a ploughman and labourer under a memorandum of agreement for 17 pounds per annum and a weekly ration of 10lbs beef or mutton, 10lbs flour, 2lbs sugar and a quarter lb of tea. SR, Assisted Immigrants Inwards to Sydney, 4/903 [reel 2456]
  • By 1850 he had moved to Clarencetown and later to Coolongolook. Reference: The Worth Family of Coolongolook - George Worth (1828-1900) and his descendants (Romanis, 1998)
Wyatt* Frederick
  • convict (ship: Royal George, 1828). A shoemaker from London, 7 year sentence for picking pockets, Certificate of Freedom 1830. SR Convict Indents, fiche 670 page 177
  • assigned on arrival to JP Webber (Tocal?). PRO London, HO10/29, NSW, Convicts Arrived 1828-32
Young John
  • convict (ship: Albion, 1828). A carter's boy and reaper from Glasgow, 14 year sentence for sheep robbery, age 18. Ticket of Leave 1837, Certificate of Freedom 1842. SR Convict Indents, fiche 670 page 151
  • at Tocal in 1837, assigned to C & F Wilson. General Return of Convicts in NSW 1837

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References:

Brouwer, David. Captain Thunderbolt—Horsebreaker to Bushranger. Paterson: CB Alexander Foundation, 2nd ed. 2007.

Brouwer, David. Who was CB Alexander? Paterson: CB Alexander Foundation, 2007.

Brouwer, David, Esme Meehan and Lois Brown. At Home Amongst the Stock—The Kidds of Tocal. Paterson: CB Alexander Foundation, 2005.

Clements, Pauline. Burials in St Paul's Cemetery, Paterson. Paterson: Paterson Historical Society, 1996.

Hathway, Jo. Guide to Tocal. Paterson: NSW Agriculture, 2003.

Meehan, Esme and Lois Brown. The Kidd Family in Australia 1829–2000. Largs, NSW: by the authors, 2000.

Reynolds, Jane. An Eye for Excellence—The Reynolds of Tocal. Paterson: CB Alexander Foundation, 2006.

Walsh, Brian. Tocal's First European Settler—James Phillips Webber. Paterson: CB Alexander Foundation, 1999.

Walsh, Brian. Voices from Tocal—Convict Life on a Rural Estate. Paterson: CB Alexander Foundation, 2008.

Walsh, Brian. James Phillips Webber—The Man and the Mystery. Paterson: CB Alexander Foundation, 2008.

White, Judy. Tocal—The Changing Moods of a Rural Estate. Scone: The Seven Press, 1986.