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Tocal's convicts 1822-1840

Introduction

About 150 convict men and boys lived and worked at Tocal between 1822 and 1840. They cleared Tocal's rainforest, planted the first crops and built Tocal's first fences. On the orders of their master they turned part of the ancestral land of the Wonnarua Aboriginal People into a privately owned farm.

A few of Tocal's convicts were habitual criminals, and some were rebels who had protested against conditions in England or Ireland. But most were simply working-class youths who had been caught stealing. For their crimes they were transported to New South Wales and spent time at Tocal. Most managed to rebuild their lives and gain their freedom, but many suffered the lash, the iron gang or other punishments along the way.

Details of individual convicts

You can view detailed information on any Tocal convict by clicking on his name in the list below. This data was collected over many years from a large number of sources. You need Adobe Acrobat reader to view these pdf files. Abbreviations include TOL ticket-of-leave, COF certificate-of-freedom, CP conditional pardon, SR State Records NSW, SG Sydney Gazette, NSWGG Government Gazette.

Further reading

Voices from Tocal - Convict Life on a Rural Estate, by Brian Walsh, 2008. Number 17 in the All About Tocal series. To purchase, see books.

Heartbreak and Hope, Deference and Defiance on the Yimmang: Tocal's Convicts 1822-1840, PhD thesis by Brian Walsh, University of Newcastle 2007. Available on-line.

Assigned convicts at Tocal:'ne'er-do-wells' or exceptional workers?, by Brian Walsh. Journal of Australian Colonial History vol 8, 2006, pp67-90.

List of Tocal's convicts

Name

Age

Trade or calling

Offence

Sent

At Tocal

Abrey, William

22

labourer

house breaking

life

1822

Addey, William

19

farrier

stealing a coat

7 yr

1837

Andrews, William

18

brassfounder

house breaking

life

1829-33

Batt, James

19

ploughman

sheep stealing

life

1825

Beggs, George

19

carter

burglary & felony

life

1833

Benson, John

26

servant

burglary

life

1823

Brearly, John

26

ploughs & shears

burglary

life

1825-28

Brownlee, James

31

farm serv & butcher

cow stealing

7 yr

1828-33

Byrne, Philip

18

groom

steal iron&brushes

life

1825

Cain, Daniel

22

labourer

highway robbery

life

1824

Callaghan, Daniel

15

errand boy

house robbery

7 yr

1828

Callaghan, Thomas

25

ploughman

burglary & robbery

life

1825

Campbell, John

28

farm man

sheep stealing

7 yr

1827-28

Caroll, Denis

34

ploughman

insurrection

7 yr

1825-29

Carr, Patrick

25

ploughman & shears

highway robbery

life

1825

Casey, Thomas

23

farmer's labourer

horse stealing

life

1827

Caton, Thomas

21

file cutter

house breaking

14 yr

1840-44

Chantry, Edward

22

brickmaker

house breaking

life

1836-43

Clark, Matthew

32

sailor

stealing

7 yr

1824-25

Clarke, Richard

21

aid/assist burglary

life

1823

Clements, James W

13

servant boy

picking pockets

life

1833-53

Clewley, William

24

stable & coachman

picking pockets

7 yr

1830-34

Coghlan, Richard

20

house painter

stealing clothes

7 yr

1828

Connelly, Michael

17

errand boy

stealing cash

7 yr

1825

Cooper, Alfred

19

mason's labourer

picking pockets

life

1828-36

Cooper, John Darby

26

labourer

house breaking

7 yr

1823

Corrigan, Elijah

17

errand boy

stealing clothes

7 yr

1834-37

Costigan, Patrick

22

farm man

highway robbery

7 yr

1827-37

Crick, Jonas

30

plough & fisherman

stealing malt

7 yr

1828-32

Cullen, James

15

errand boy

stealing sheets

7 yr

1828

Davenport, John

24

ploughman

stealing

7 yr

1823

Dearden, Adam

28

weaver

stealing duck

7 yr

1833

Dobson, Roger

22

ploughman

highway robbery

life

1823-34

Douglas, James

24

tailor & labourer

stealing clock

7 yr

1831

Dowling, James

32

farm servant

cow stealing

life

1836-37

Doyle, Michael

22

plasterer's labourer

sheep stealing

7 yr

1827

Doyle, William

39

ploughman & shears

insurrection

7 yr

1823-27

Edwards, George

20

sugar refiner

stealing shawl

7 yr

1832

Fee, Michael

30

linen weaver

unlawful oaths

life

1826-34

Forrester, James

24

butcher

stealing in house

7 yr

1832

Geere, William

22

groom & gardener

stealing clothes

14 yr

1828

Graves, Storer

28

shoemaker & groom

street robbery

7 yr

1829

Gray, Robert

24

butcher

house breaking

14 yr

1833

Grennan, Peter

40

stone mason

stealing money

7 yr

1837-42

Halfpenny, William

24

steal bagpipe&flute

life

1825

Hanley, John

23

shepherd

absent from home

7 yr

1825-29

Hassett, John

26

ploughman & shears

insurrection

7 yr

1823-27

Hawker, Thomas

19

shoemaker, tolerable

highway robbery

life

1836-39

Hazell, James

18

plasterer's labourer

picking pockets

7 yr

1822

Healey, Pat

41

cabinet turner/wheelwright

stealing clothes

7 yr

1832-34

Heny, Bryan

30

shepherd

burglary&robbery

life

1824

Hobbs, Abraham

25

milkman, brewer & ostler

house breaking

life

1832

Holmes, William

34

farm servant

sheep stealing

life

1833-41

Holseworth, William

17

plasterer's boy

stealing boots

7 yr

1832

Horton, William

16

shoemaker, tolerable

robbing master

life

1833

Hover, Stephen

31

flour miller

stealing

7 yr

1822-26

Hoyle, John

29

farmer's man

rioting

life

1827-28

Hughes, Richard

20

rope maker

burglary

life

1825-32

Hunt, Henry

20

hawker

stealing truck

7 yr

1832

Hurley, William

32

ploughs,shears,reaps,sows

horse stealing

life

1830

Hutchins, John

22

blacksmith

larceny frm person

life

1828-29

Irwin, Henry

19

labourer

stealing cloak

7 yr

1830-38

Jameson, John

19

hairdresser

shop breaking

14 yr

1827-28

Johnston, William

17

labourer

highway robbery

7 yr

1837

Keating, Thomas

30

ploughman

asslt/Whiteboyism

life

1824-28

Keily, Michael

60

Rep'd plough'd & tailor

Base coin

life

1829

Kidd, John

25

ploughman & milks

horse stealing

life

1829-37

King, George

19

print blocker

larceny

7 yr

1828

King, William

36

ploughman

house robbery

14 yr

1823-24

Kipling, John

19

piecer

stealing a shirt

7 yr

1828

Lane, James

26

clothier & indoor servant

house breaking

7 yr

1833-38

Lawler, John

21

plough, shepherd & herd

picking pockets

7 yr

1828-32

Levitt, John

27

farm labourer

steal ton of bags

7 yr

1828-33

Lewis, Joseph

20

ploughs, shepherd, milks

house breaking

7 yr

1830-34

Liddy, Andrew

40

brewer's labourer & soldier

stealing cloth

7 yr

1836-37

Linegar, William

25

steam engine labourer

cutting & maiming

life

1835

Logan, James

20

brush maker

house breaking

14 yr

1828-34

Long, Dennis

23

stonemason & plasterer

stealing coat

7 yr

1829

Lynch, Michael

23

spadesman & reaps

attacking house

life

1836-37

Lynn, John

20

butcher

assault & robbery

life

1836-37

Lyons, Bernard

26

ploughs, sows, reaps

perjury

7 yr

1832-37

Magner, Michael

27

ploughs & shears

insurrection

7 yr

1823-27

Magner, Thomas

25

ploughman

insurrection

7 yr

1823-27

McCarthy, John

19

tobacco twister

stealing chairs

7 yr

1837

McCarthy, Timothy

35

ploughman

sheep stealing

7 yr

1829-33

McIneeny, Thomas

26

ploughman

rape

life

1825

McQuiggan, Hugh

33

soldier

insubordination

7 yr

1836-37

Mildmay, George

16

errand boy

shop robbery

7 yr

1830-33

Miller, William

42

house painter

obtn money falsely

7 yr

1830

Millsom, Edward

20

reaps & milks

stealing geese

7 yr

1829-34

Mooney, Lawrence

25

carter

horse stealing

life

1828

Moors, John

31

weaver

stealing clothes

life

1833

Murdock, Hugh

32

shear & thrashers

cow stealing

7 yr

1828-30

Murphy, Edward

24

farm servant

sheep stealing

life

1828-37

Musk, James

19

labourer

house breaking

7 yr

1828

Nelson, George

20

labourer

stealing a coat

life

1828

Padmore, Alfred

19

errand boy

house breaking

life

1832-38

Rouse, Simon

35

baker

st watch&banknotes

7 yr

1825

Rowan, Charles

22

weaver & porter

stealing carpets

7 yr

1830

Ryan, Patrick

21

ploughman

insurrection

7 yr

1825-29

Sanders, Peter

25

seaman

stealing watches

7 yr

1831-33

Saunders, James

18

labourer

stealing

7 yr

1823-26

Savage, George

16

errand boy

picking pockets

7 yr

1832-33

Scammell, Frederick

14

butcher's boy

stealg snuff boxes

7 yr

1832

Scully, James

40

weaver

pig stealing

7 yr

1829

Shore, Edward

20

Cow boy

st clothes&rabbits

7 yr

1824-28

Shaw, John

31

labourer, shears, reaps

stealing potatoes

7 yr

1829-34

Shea, John

20

farm labourer & herds

lamb stealing

7 yr

1829-34

Shea, John

19

reaper

highway robbery

7 yr

1825

Sheehan, Maurice

27

farmer's labourer

house robbery

life

1828

Sheppard, John

19

carter & coal miner

burglary

life

1827-30

Shields, James

23

servant & labourer

highway robbery

life

1823-37

Simpson, Patrick

20

weaver

steal thread & tape

7 yr

1825

Slowey, Patrick

28

farm servant & shepherd

murder

life

1828

Smith, James

23

blacksmith

stealing bundle

7 yr

1829-34

Smith, John

20

plough & stableman

stealing umbrella

7 yr

1828

Smith, Thomas

28

barber & labourer

desertion

life

1822

Smith, William

20

calico printer

stealing money

life

1825-26

Smith, William

16

cutler's boy

robbing shop

7 yr

1832

Snell, John

28

plough shear, make butter

stealing

7 yr

1825-32

Spleyoenburg, George

16

errand boy

stealing a shirt

7 yr

1833-40

Stiles, James

23

farmers man & shop groom

house breaking

7 yr

1830

Stotter, George

46

labourer, reaps

house breaking

14 yr

1832-37

Styles, William

19

reaps, milks, labours

murder

life

1830-34

Suffolk, Elias

30

farm worker

burglary

life

1829

Tadgwell, William

14

cotton spinner

stealing necklace

7 yr

1836-37

Talty, Peter

25

ploughs reaps shears sows

abduction

life

1831-34

Tattersall, Henry

14

rope maker's boy

stealing money

14 yr

1836-42

Tiernan, John

28

ploughs & shears

burglary & robbery

life

1825

Townsend, Job

32

reaper

highway robbery

life

1824

Truelove, William

30

labourer

steal handkerchief

life

1827-34

Waggoner, John

18

coachsmith

stealing cloth

life

1822-30

Wallis, Patrick

28

farm servant

fire arms

7 yr

1836-37

West, Robert

50

gardener& complete soldier

machine breaking

life

1832-36

Whitford, Thomas

18

printer's boy

picking pockets

7 yr

1836-37

Wilkinson, Joseph

25

waterman

horse stealing

life

1826

Williams, John

39

plough shear reap milk sow

stealing tools

7 yr

1831

Williams, Thomas

21

carter

robbing person

14 yr

1836-37

Woollard, William

15

tailor's boy

picked pockets

life

1835-37

Wootton, Charles

20

farm labourer

horse stealing

15 yr

1840-44

Wyatt, Frederick

23

shoemaker

picking pockets

7 yr

1828

Young, John

18

carter's boy & reaper

sheep robbery

14 yr

1834-37