home> convicts

Tocal's convicts 1822-1840

Tocal's Irish rebels - fighting for a cause?

Ten of Tocal's convicts were Irishmen transported for rebellion in Ireland. Nine of the ten were convicted under the Insurrection Act that allowed authorities to impose a curfew, ban meetings, execute those administering unlawful oaths and to sentence those taking the oaths to transportation for life without trial by jury.

The main cause of civil unrest in Ireland in the 1820s was poverty combined with unemployment. The payment of tithes to the Church and onerous property rents to landlords were also constant sources of discontent and causes of rebellion.

Many of those convicted under the Insurrection Act of 1822 were known as Whiteboys. Whiteboy activities in the early 1820s included being absent from home after dark, possessing arms and ammunition, taking unlawful oaths, unlawful assembly, and sending threatening letters or posting threatening notices.

Tocal's Irish rebels were:

Name

Offence

Tried

Sentence

At Tocal

Denis Carol

insurrection

Co. Tipperary 1824

7 years

1825-1829

William Doyle

insurrection

Co. Cork 1822

7 years

1823-1827

Michael Fee

unlawful oaths

Co. Mayoh 1826

life

1826-1834

John Hanley

insurrection

Co. Limerick 1822

7 years

1825-1829

John Hassett

insurrection

Co. Cork 1822

7 years

1823-1827

Thomas Keating

administer oaths

Co. Cork 1823

life

1824-1828

Michael Magner

insurrection

Co. Cork 1822

7 years

1823-1827

Thomas Magner

insurrection

Co. Cork 1822

7 years

1823-1827

Patrick Ryan

insurrection

Co. Tipperary 1824

7 years

1825-1829

Patrick Wallis

firearms

Co. Kilkenny 1833

7 years

1836-1837

Most of Tocal's Irish rebels were well behaved in NSW and gained their freedom. John Hanley served as a police constable at Paterson from 1834. Thomas Magner married and bought land at Paterson and Raymond Terrace before moving to Sydney as a stock and shipping agent. In March 1866 Thomas was killed when he fell from his dray at Hinton.

Below: Report of the death of Tocal ex-convict Thomas Magner.

press clipping re death