Who were they?
Assigned to Tocal
Living at Tocal
Working at Tocal
Tocal's convicts 1822-1840
The end of transportation
By 1838 it was clear that transportation to the Colony of New South Wales would soon end. A Commission of Inquiry chaired by a British opponent of transportation, William Molesworth, was investigating the convict system and assignment of convicts to private settlers was winding down.
The transportation of convicts to New South Wales was suspended in 1840, and assignment of convicts to private settlers formally ended in 1841. By then no more than 10 convicts were working at Tocal, compared to 33 ten years earlier.
Tocal now had to rely on the employment of free immigrants, ex-convicts and people born in the Colony. In 1845 the lessee of Tocal, Charles Reynolds, imported workers directly from England to fill the gap.
In two decades convicts had developed Tocal from rainforest and bushland into a productive and valuable estate, but the days of the lash, the treadmill and the iron gang were over.